历史上的今天 - 8月4日

    节假日网:南丁格尔简传英文版

摘要:Florencewasbornin1820sintosawealthy,Englishfamilywhowere,atthetimeofherbirthlivinginFlorence,Italy.Sheandhersisterhadalltheadvantagesthatmoneycouldprovide.Thisincludedprivatetutorsandasuperbeducationwhichwasnotgenerallyavailabletogirlsatthattime.FlorenceexcelledinScienceandMaths;howe...
  • Florence?was?born?in?1820sintosa?wealthy,?English?family?who?were,?at?the?time?of?her?birth?living?in?Florence,?Italy.?She?and?her?sister?had?all?the?advantages?that?money?could?provide.?This?included?private?tutors?and?a?superb?education?which?was?not?generally?available?to?girls?at?that?time.?Florence?excelled?in?Science?and?Maths;?however?there?was?little?opportunity?for?her?to?use?her?knowledge.?Women?of?her?position?in?life?were?expected?to?get?married?and?arrange?all?the?domestic?affairs?that?were?important?to?wealthy?families.?But,?Florence?had?a?dream?to?become?a?nurse?and?when?her?father?refused?to?allow?her?to?train?as?a?nurse,?she?was?so?upset?that?she?became?very?ill.?Eventually,?her?father?relented?and?Florence?started?on?her?journey.?She?volunteered?to?work?in?hospitals?in?France?and?Germany?and?even?travelled?to?Egypt?to?have?formal?training.?Nurses?were?not?considered?to?be?important?or?valuable?in?those?days?and?hospitals?were?generally?places?that?only?poor?people?would?go?to?out?of?desperation.?The?standards?of?hygiene?and?medicine?were?very?low.?Florence?began?to?change?all?that.?In?every?hospital?that?she?worked?in?she?made?sure?that?everything?was?clean?and?that?the?patients?themselves?were?washed?and?well?nourished.
      Florence?had?become?well?known?for?all?the?wonderful?improvements?that?she?had?made?and?for?the?way?she?had?trained?other?young?women?to?be?good?nurses.?When?the?British?army?was?fighting?in?the?Crimea?against?Russia,?the?soldiers?were?in?desperate?need?of?medical?attention.?The?British?commander?in?the?Crimea?had?heard?of?Florence?and?asked?her?if?she?would?come?and?help.?So?Florence?collected?some?of?her?best?nurses?and?went?to?the?Crimea.?Conditions?there?were?terrible.?There?was?no?water?and?no?medical?equipment.?Florence?and?her?team?organized?a?kitchen?and?a?laundry?and?worked?incredibly?hard?to?improve?conditions?for?the?injured?soldiers.?At?night?she?would?carry?a?lamp?as?she?went?round?the?hospital?and?the?soldiers?started?to?call?her?"the?lady?with?the?lamp".?They?would?often?kiss?her?shadow?as?she?passed?by.?Florence?and?her?team?saved?thousands?of?lives?and?earned?the?love?and?admiration?of?her?countrymen?and?women.
      In?1860?Florence?started?the?Nightingale?Training?School.?The?Nightingale?nurses?were?in?demand?all?over?the?world.?She?advised?the?American?President?how?to?look?after?his?soldiers?who?were?injured?in?the?Civil?War.?She?was?a?guiding?influence?behind?the?founding?of?the?International?Red?Cross.?In?1907,?she?was?honoured?by?the?King?of?England,?Edward?V11?and?given?thesgroupsof?Merit.?She?was?the?first?woman?to?receive?this?award.?She?died?at?the?age?of?90?on?August?10,?1910.?Florence?could?have?lived?a?life?of?luxury?and?comfort.?She?saw?a?need?for?someone?to?help?the?poor?and?the?sick?and?she?did?everything?in?her?power?to?improve?the?situation?and?to?make?a?change.?She?thought?little?of?her?own?comfort?and?she?inspired?thousands?of?young?women?to?become?nurses.

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